Inspire Policy Making by Territorial Evidence
  • CAEE - The Case for Agglomeration Economies in Europe

    Thematic scope
    European cities are centres of finance and commerce; centres of culture, knowledge and creativity; centres of communication, power and influence as well as visitor and tourist centres. The concentration of people and business activity has many benefits that make locating in the city worthwhile. Agglomeration is a dynamic process, cities are not static areas. Indeed, urban size and variation are precisely what makes change possible.
    This project is an economically focussed study looking at the process of agglomeration within city regions across Europe, i.e. areas which are typically NUTS2 regions and which contain a primary central city. The analysis will contribute to creating a better understanding of and to suggesting optimum scales for urban form and agglomeration, taking into account both the economic costs and benefits of large urban agglomerations.

    Please read more about the main areas of analysis and main results envisaged.

    • Manchester Enterprises Ltd. (Lead Stakeholder)
    • Barcelona Provincial Council, Territorial Observatory of the Studies Department
    • Dublin Regional Authority, Regional Planning Guidelines, Dublin and Mid-East Regional Authorities
    • Greater Lyon, Department for International Relations

    Lead Partner
    University of Manchester (United Kingdom).
    Detailed information on the contracted project team can be found under Transnational Project Groups.

    Budget : € 200 000,00

    Project’s lifetime: March 2009 – June 2010

    Delivery of Reports

    Inception Report: 8 June 2009
    Mid-term Report: 7 December 2009
    Draft Final Report: 30 April 2010
    Final Report: 30 June 2010

    Reports will be published once they are approved by the ESPON Monitoring Committee

    More information

    Please contact the Project Expert at the ESPON Coordination Unit:

    Michaela GENSHEIMER, e-mail:

    Name Type Size
    Final Report PDF 3.71 MB
    Annex 1 Final Report Investigating Agglomeration Economies PDF 1.10 MB
    Annex 2 Final Report Greater Manchester Case Study PDF 3.65 MB
    Annex 3 Final Report Dublin Case Study PDF 1.34 MB
    Annex 4 Final Report Barcelona Case Study PDF 2.66 MB
    Annex 5 Final Report Lyon Case Study PDF 2.75 MB
    Annex 6 Final Report Histories of metropolitancity-regional governance PDF 163.91 KB
    Draft Final Report PDF 1.86 MB
    Interim Report PDF 321.63 KB
    Interim Report Maps PDF 2.08 MB
    Inception Report PDF 78.25 KB
    Project Specification PDF 42.57 KB
    next page