Policy Briefs | December 02, 2020

A Special Economic Zone (SEZ), or its subcatagory Free Economic Zone (FEZ), is a designated areas within a country where companies have preferential terms within the framework of national and EU state

Policy Briefs | November 16, 2020

The proposal for a JTF regulation identifies 108 European regions with coal infrastructure and nearly 237,000 related jobs. Coal regions are among those particularly vulnerable as their regional economic

Policy Briefs | November 02, 2020

Maritime spatial planning (MSP) is a process that encompasses the analysis and organisation of human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives. According to the European

Policy Briefs | May 29, 2020

During the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018, over 23 000 events were organised, reaching more than 12.8 million participants (1). This clearly shows the potential impact that cultural heritage can

Policy Briefs | May 19, 2020

Many cities in Europe experience population growth, generating increased pressure on urban land uses in and around their cities, often leading to uncontrolled urban sprawl. Evidence showed that during

Policy Briefs | May 13, 2020

Green infrastructure (GI) is made up of interconnected green and/or blue areas that are developed through a strategic planning approach that creates solutions to problems of land conservation, ecological

Policy Briefs | November 22, 2019

The emergence of the widespread deployment of advanced technologies, such as artificial intelligence, sensor technologies, cloud computing, open data, the Internet Of Things and blockchain, has re-invented

Policy Briefs | June 05, 2019

The free movement of labour is one of the “four freedoms” of the European Union and its single market. While many economically dynamic cities and regions have experienced significant in-migration of

cross-border public services
Policy Briefs | June 03, 2019

This Policy Brief builds on evidence provided by an ESPON targeted analysis on cross-border public services (CPS) across Europe, which was conducted with the support of the Association of European Border

Policy Briefs | December 21, 2018

Green infrastructure (GI) is considered a benefit for territorial development because it provides multiple functions within the same spatial area. The underlying principle of GI is that the same area of