European Shrinking Rural Areas Challenges, Actions and Perspectives for Territorial Governance (ESCAPE)

Theme: Rural Development


This project focuses upon European rural regions experiencing or threatened by demographic decline. The central objectives are to understand the process(es) driving shrinkage, map the heterogeneity within this group of regions, and devise intervention logic(s) for more appropriate integrated policy approaches, which pro-actively push forward strategies based upon territorial assets and emerging opportunities, whilst recognising the need to ameliorate the effects of some continued decline, and bearing in mind the “intervention tools” available within the EU Cohesion and ESIF policy

It will provide knowledge and evidence on the causes and consequences of socio-economic change in Europe’s rural regions and explore innovative territorial governance solutions for rural regions experiencing acute, and often irreversible depopulation and economic decline. It will also offer recommendations for the better coordination and effectiveness of policy interventions, particularly for the targeted design, implementation and funding of integrated place-based strategies within the context of European Union Rural Development and Cohesion Policy.

Policy Questions

  • How can the phenomenon of shrinking rural regions be understood and measured? Where are Europe’s shrinking rural regions?
  • What are the specific economic, social and environmental factors that determine rural shrinkage in different territorial contexts, and how are the development trajectories for such regions likely to evolve into the future?
  • What are the critical challenges and potential opportunities for shrinking rural regions?
  • How is shrinkage perceived by local actors and what governance innovations are required to creatively manage and adapt to shrinking development dynamics, and at what scales?
  • Can emerging adaption-orientated territorial governance praxes be identified at national, regional and local levels to manage shrinkage? What role can governance innovation (e.g. through the greater use of advanced digital technologies, shared services etc) play in the more efficient delivery of public services and mobilising endogenous resources to boost employment and quality of life in a shrinking context?
  • What are the implications of rural shrinkage for EU territorial cohesion and convergence at a European scale and how should the future implementation of Rural Development and Cohesion Policy post-2020 be tailored to address the phenomenon?


  •  University of Eastern Finland – Karelian Institute (FI)
  • The James Hutton Institute (UK)
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HU)
  • University of Valencia (ES)
  • Federal institute for less favoured & mountainous areas (AT)
  • Nordregio (SE)
  • TEAGASC - Agriculture and Food Development Authority (IE)

 Project Support Team

  • Jana Ilčíková (SK)
  • Izabela Ziatek (PL)
  • Amalia Virdol (RO)
  • Benoit Esmanne (EC, DG AGRI)


Budget: € 597,560.00

 Lifetime: March 2019 – September 2020

  • Inception delivery, 13 May 2019
  • Interim delivery , 13 December 2019
  • Draft Final delivery, 13 May 2020
  • Final delivery, 14 October 2020


Contact: Andreea China (Project Expert) [email protected], Gavin Daly (Project Expert) [email protected], Johannes Kiersch (Financial Expert) [email protected]



ESPON ESCAPE Main Final Report.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 3.04MB

ESPON ESCAPE Synthesis Report.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 1.25MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 01 - Policy Context.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 675KB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 02 - Measuring mapping and classifying.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 9.41MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 03 - Summary of High Level EU Policy Stakeholder.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 685KB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 04 - Case Study Synthesis Report.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 2.16MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 05 - CS Osječko-Baranjska_Croatia.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 3.95MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 06 - CS Troyan-Apriltsi-Ougarchin_Bulgaria.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 1.52MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 07 - CS Łomża_subregion_Poland.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 6.60MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 08 - CS Mansfeld-Südharz_Germany.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 2.21MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 09 - CS Szentes_Hungary.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 3.60MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 10 - CS Alt -Maestrat_Spain.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 6.61MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 11 - CS Kastoria_Greece.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 5.18MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 12 - CS Juuka_Finland.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 3.16MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 13 - Transformation Framework.pdf

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ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 14 - Structures and Practices for Governance.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 1.16MB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 15 - EU Policy.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 604KB

ESPON ESCAPE Final Report Annex 16 - Just Transitions.pdf

  • Acrobat Document | 526KB