271 articles found [241 - 252]
  • Featured Map | 7 April 2010

    This month ESPON shows the territorial trends 2001-2006 in potential accessibility by air. The concept of potential accessibility enables to measure how easy (i.e. travel time) a region can be reached from other European regions by a certain transport mode. High accessibility is often considered a prerequisite for economic development, for attracting investors, increasing employment and building networks of cities.

  • Featured Map | 7 April 2010

    The reduction of emissions forms a key objective for the European Commission. The Europe 2020 Strategy confirms the 20-20-20 targets aiming at a reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels, 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources and a 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, to be achieved by improving energy efficiency.

  • Featured Map | 10 February 2010

    In the Spring European Council of 2000 the European Union decided the Lisbon Strategy. This strategy was aimed at making Europe the world´s leading knowledge-economy by 2010. In the meanwhile the global economic recession, has made responses to Europe´s major challenges – globalisation, climate change and an ageing population – even more urgent. The EU is currently discussing a new strategy for the period beyond 2010, the so called Europe 2020 Strategy, a successor to the Lisbon Strategy. This new common agenda should help the EU to recover from the crisis and to move the EU into a more sustainable, greener and more innovative economy where knowledge will be the key input.

  • Featured Map | 9 February 2010

    This month ESPON presents insights on the international migration flows towards an enlarged Europe. The consolidation of migration flows towards the EU allows to raise some questions. Is migration a selective process? Does the migration flows towards the EU fit with the European labour market needs?

  • Featured Map | 9 February 2010

    This month ESPON presents insights in the sensibility of regions to variation in energy prices and energy self sufficiency. The rationale behind this map is that achieving a higher degree of self sufficiency has a price tag on it. Energy could become more expensive if less obvious energy sources are used. But the less self-sufficient a country is, the more costly it could be the change. The main question is: What are the costs and benefits of a higher degree of energy self-sufficiency?

  • Featured Map | 9 February 2010

    Which population development profiles do the various regions in Europe have? This month, ESPON presents a map that was included in the Territorial Observation No.1 on a European regional typology with regard to population development. The typology combines the two components of population development: natural population change and net-migration. The map of the month shows the development 2001-2005 of the various European regions with regard to population development and its relation to regional competitiveness and territorial cohesion.

  • Featured Map | 9 February 2010

    This month, ESPON presents trends in population development, namely on population growth in EU and its neighbourhood. Demographic development will have a major influence on future territorial development in Europe. The human resources have a significant impact on the economic development of regions and cities. It is therefore a key concern for policy makers to attract and develop a highly skilled labour force in their regions and cities.

  • Featured Map | 9 February 2010

    The Territorial Agenda of the European Union states that “Mobility and accessibility are key prerequisites for economic development of all regions of the EU.” In practice this means that regions having a high accessibility to raw materials, suppliers and markets are in general economically successful regions and improve their competitive position in the global market. If so, transport infrastructure improvement might be an important policy instrument to promote regional economic development. Therefore it is highly policy-relevant to know if regions with high accessibility are at the same time economic successful regions. To understand this, ESPON compared the potential multimodal accessibility of regions in 2006 with GDP-PPS per capita in 2006.

  • Featured Map | 5 February 2010

    Generally it is assumed that regional accessibility is important for the economic and social opportunities of a location or a place. Recent research on agglomeration economies suggests that economic growth, labour migration and accessibility are closely interrelated in reality. However, around 1/8 of the European regions have a high GDP per capita despite a low accessibility. Apparently these less accessible regions found other ways to overcome deficits of low accessibility and reached a good economic welfare.

  • Featured Map | 2 February 2010

    The accelerating globalisation and new emerging markets will have major impacts on Europe and in particular on its territory, its cities and regions. European policy making related to the territorial development, competitiveness and cohesion, has in future to consider deeper the global context. Countries, regions and cities will increasingly need to understand their development opportunities and weaknesses by examining their position as part of a world-wide competitive reality.

  • Featured Map | 1 February 2010

  • ESPON 2006 Programme | 29 January 2010

    Accessibility is an important aspect in the debate of regional development. It is used as an indicator to describe the territorial aspects of the transport system. Access to and from a region or city is considered an important aspect of the competitiveness of the location. During the last years efforts have been made to improve the accessibility of cities and regions in large parts of Europe. Many of these efforts have been related to improvements of the rail networks.