European Neighbourhoods

coverto11May 2014 - The challenges that Europe faces today, such as international competitiveness, climate change, energy security, demographic aging, all have a territorial aspect and hence a Neighbourhood dimension.

An evidence base is needed by policy makers and practitioners in Europe, but also in the Neighbourhood, to understand and tap potentials, and cooperate on joint challenges and opportunities.

This Territorial Observation draws on ESPON research that has been undertaken by researchers from many different countries in and around Europe. It gives a snapshot of the current relationships across the EU’s borders.

ESPON Territorial Observation No. 11 on European Neighbourhoods is available below.

More information

Contact the ESPON Coordination Unit at [email protected]


TO11 - European Neighbourhoods

  • Acrobat Document | 7.51MB

Map 1. Agreements between Europe and its Neighbourhoods

  • Acrobat Document | 416KB

Map 2. Age groups in Europe

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Map 3. Active population with high education

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Map 4. Net energy trades

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Map 5. Energy networks

  • Acrobat Document | 1.23MB

Map 6. Territorial connectivity to road, rail and airports

  • PNG Image | 2.84MB

Map 7. Transport networks in the Western Balkans

  • Acrobat Document | 1.26MB

Map 8. Transport and city networks in Maghreb

  • Acrobat Document | 744KB

Map 9. Environmental pressures in coastal and maritime regions

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Figure 1. Population in European Neighbourhoods

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Figure 2. GDP per capita in European Neighbourhoods

  • Acrobat Document | 56KB

Figure 3. GDP at current prices in European Neighbourhoods

  • Acrobat Document | 57KB

Figure 4. Cooperation versus real regional integration

  • Acrobat Document | 797KB